Backgammon is one of the oldest known board games. Its history can be traced back nearly 5, years to archeological discoveries in Mesopotamia.
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Unless a double is thrown, two moves are allowed, one for each number on the dice. To change a gambling game into a strategic race game requires some strategic possibilities to block or speed up the race, such as opposite pawns and the possibility to take an opposite piece by a diagonal move. Money play means that every point counts evenly and every game stands alone, whether money is actually being wagered or not.
Archaeologists found backgammon tables in the courtyards of just about every villa in Pompeii. Li describes in detail how he believes Han Xin decided on the layout and moves, which eventually led to the Chinese form of chess. Backgammon has been associated with aristocracy and the ruling class throughout its long history.